The Netherlands is one of the most densely populated larger countries and has >17,8 million human inhabitants. It also has the highest livestock density in the world and is the second largest exporter of agricultural goods. The country has a long history of land and water management by humans due to its partial position below sea level. These factors cause increasingly intensified conflicts between different land use practices, nitrogen pollution, and liveable urban spaces. Strong political oppositions exist between nature and biodiversity conservation, agricultural practices, and urban development. Digital technologies operate at the heart of these conflicts.